Honda CR-V is in the "Small Crossover" segment and the Outback is a "Midsize Crossover." The distance between the axles ("wheelbase") is a substantial five inches longer on the Subaru, so the ride is smoother compared to the CR-V with its closer-set axles (think limousine vs. army Jeep). CR-V typically competes with Subaru Forester or Toyota RAV4, but we see many people comparing it with the Outback, too.
Outback was all new for 2015. Honda introduced its all-new CR-V in 2012, and for 2015 they "refreshed" it (made minor changes midway through the product cycle). The previous CR-V was conspicuously missing some key features against the Outback, which Honda has added. Among the improvements, CR-V offers the following optional features: power tailgate, continuously variable automatic transmission for more fuel economy, and "Honda Sensing," which offers a suite of driver-assistive technologies similar to Outback's Eyesight. Motor Trend was so impressed with Honda's improvements to the CR-V that they named it 2015 Sport Utility of the Year.